35986841_10216840653711318_1105697261150535680_n

Soc / Jon Witt.

By: Witt, Jon
Material type: TextTextPublisher: New York : McGraw-Hill, c2009Edition: 1st edDescription: v, 416 p. : col. ill. ; 28 cmISBN: 9780073528243 (alk. paper); 0073528242 (alk. paper)Subject(s): SociologyDDC classification: 301 LOC classification: HM586 | .W58 2009Online resources: Table of contents only
Contents:
1 The Sociological Imagination WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY? The Sociological Imagination A Hamburger Is a Miracle Sociology Is¿ Systematic Study The Individual Society The Consequences of Difference Sociology and the Social Sciences Sociology and Common Sense WHAT IS SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY? Formulating Sociological Theories Testing Sociological Theories Applying Sociological Theories THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIOLOGY Social Order Power and Inequality Interaction Groups and Opportunity Pursuing Social Change PRACTICING SOCIOLOGY Applied Sociology Clinical Sociology DEVELOPING A SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION 2 Sociological Research STEPS IN THE RESEARCH PROCESS Defining the Problem Reviewing the Literature Formulating the Hypothesis Collecting and Analyzing Data Selecting the Sample Ensuring Validity and Reliability Developing the Conclusion Supporting Hypotheses Controlling for Other Factors In Summary: The Research Process MAJOR RESEARCH DESIGNS Surveys Issues in Designing Surveys Types of Surveys Quantitative and Qualitative Research Observation Experiments Use of Existing Sources RESEARCH ETHICS Confidentiality Research Funding Value Neutrality Feminist Methodology 3 Culture CULTURE AND SOCIETY THE DEVELOPMENT OF CULTURE AROUND THE WORLD Cultural Universals Innovation Globalization and Diffusion ELEMENTS OF CULTURE Material Culture and Technology Language Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis Nonverbal Communication Values Norms Types of Norms Acceptance of Norms Sanctions CULTURE AND THE DOMINANT IDEOLOGY CULTURAL VARIATION Aspects of Cultural Variation Subcultures Countercultures Culture Shock Attitudes toward Cultural Variation Ethnocentrism Cultural Relativism 4 Socialization THE ROLE OF SOCIALIZATION Social Environment: The Impact of Isolation Extreme Childhood Isolation Primate Studies The Influence of Heredity THE SELF AND SOCIALIZATION Sociological Approaches to the Self Cooley: Looking-Glass Self Mead: Stages of the Self The Preparatory Stage The Play Stage The Game Stage Goffman: Presentation of the Self Psychological Approaches to the Self AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION Family Cultural Influences The Impact of Race and Gender School Peer Group Mass Media and Technology Workplace Religion and the State SOCIALIZATION THROUGHOUT THE LIFE COURSE The Life Course Anticipatory Socialization and Resocialization Role Transitions during the Life Course Adjusting to Retirement 5 Social Structure and Social Interaction SOCIAL INTERACTION ELEMENTS OF SOCIAL STRUCTURE Statuses Ascribed and Achieved Status Master Status Social Roles Role Conflict Role Strain Role Exit Groups Primary and Secondary Groups In-Groups and Out-Groups Reference Groups Coalitions Social Networks Virtual Worlds Social Institutions BUREAUCRACY Characteristics of a Bureaucracy Division of Labor Hierarchy of Authority Written Rules and Regulations Impersonality Employment Based on Technical Qualifications Bureaucratization as a Way of Life The Spread of Bureaucratization From Bureaucracy to Oligarchy Bureaucracy and Organizational Culture SOCIAL STRUCTURE IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft Mechanical and Organic Solidarity Technology and Society Preindustrial Societies Industrial Societies Postindustrial Societies Postmodern Life Stories Images Choices Networks 6 Social Control, Deviance, and Crime SOCIAL CONTROL Conformity and Obedience Informal and Formal Social Control Law and Society DEVIANCE What Behavior is Deviant? Deviance and Social Stigma CRIME Official Crime Reports Trends in Crime Limitations of Crime Statistics White-Collar Crime Victimless Crimes Organized Crime International Crime Transnational Crime International Crime Rates SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON DEVIANCE AND CRIME Social Order, Deviance, and Crime Durkheim¿s Theory of Deviance Merton¿s Theory of Deviance Interpersonal Interaction and Local Context Cultural Transmission Social Disorganization Theory Labeling Theory Power and Inequality Race and Class Gender 7 Families GLOBAL VIEW OF THE FAMILY Substance: What a Family Is Kinship Patterns Family Types Types of Marriage Functions: What Families Do Authority Patterns: Who Rules? MARRIAGE AND FAMILY Courtship and Mate Selection Variations in Family Life and Intimate Relationships Social Class Differences Racial and Ethnic Differences Child-Rearing Patterns Parenthood and Grandparenthood Adoption Dual-Income Families Single-Parent Families Stepfamilies DIVORCE Statistical Trends in Divorce Factors Associated with Divorce Impact of Divorce on Children DIVERSE LIFESTYLES Cohabitation Remaining Single Marriage without Children Lesbian and Gay Relationships 8 Education and Religion EDUCATION IN SOCIETY SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON EDUCATION Education and Social Order Transmitting Culture Promoting Social Integration Training and Social Control Cultural Innovation Education and Inequality The Hidden Curriculum Teacher Expectancy Bestowal of Status Credentialism Gender SCHOOLS AS FORMAL ORGANIZATIONS Bureaucratization of Schools Teaching as a Profession Student Subcultures Homeschooling DEFINING RELIGION What Religion Is What Religions Do COMPONENTS OF RELIGION Belief Ritual Experience Community Ecclesiae Denominations Sects Cults or New Religious Movements Comparing Forms of Religious Organization WORLD RELIGIONS SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON RELIGION Integration Social Change The Weberian Thesis Liberation Theology Social Control Marx on Religion Gender and Religion 9 Government and the Economy POWER AND AUTHORITY Power Types of Authority Traditional Authority Rational-Legal Authority Charismatic Authority ECONOMIC SYSTEMS Capitalism Socialism The Mixed Economy The Informal Economy CHANGING ECONOMIES The Changing Face of the Workforce Deindustrialization Microfinancing TYPES OF GOVERNMENT Monarchy Oligarchy Dictatorship and Totalitarianism Democracy POLITICAL BEHAVIOR IN THE UNITED STATES Participation and Apathy Race and Gender in Politics THE POWER STRUCTURE IN THE UNITED STATES Power Elite Models Mills¿s Model Domhoff¿s Model Pluralist Model WAR AND PEACE War Terrorism Peace 10 Social Class UNDERSTANDING STRATIFICATION Systems of Stratification Slavery Castes Estates Social Classes Social Mobility Open versus Closed Stratification Systems Types of Social Mobility Sociological Perspectives on Stratification Marx on Class Weber¿s Multidimensional Model Bourdieu and Cultural Capital Material, Social, and Cultural Resources SOCIAL CLASS IN THE UNITED STATES Cultural Capital Status and Prestige Occupational Prestige Socioeconomic Status Income and Wealth Income Wealth The Shrinking Middle Class Poverty Defining Poverty Who Are the Poor? Social Mobility Occupational Mobility Income and Wealth Education The Impact of Race and Ethnicity The Impact of Gender Life Chances 11 Global Inequality THE GLOBAL DIVIDE PERSPECTIVES ON GLOBAL STRATIFICATION Modernization The Legacy of Colonialism Multinational Corporations Modernization Dependency STRATIFICATION AROUND THE WORLD Income and Wealth Poverty Social Mobility Intergenerational Mobility across Nations Gender Differences and Mobility Social Stratification in Mexico Mexico¿s Economy Race Relations in Mexico: The Color Hierarchy The Status of Women in Mexico The Borderlands Emigration to the United States UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS Defining Human Rights Principle and Practice Human Rights Activism 12 Gender and Age SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF GENDER Sex and Gender Gender Roles in the United States Gender-Role Socialization Women¿s Gender Roles Men¿s Gender Roles Gender across Cultures GENDER AND INEQUALITY Women in the United States Labor Force Participation Income Home and Work Politics Women Around the World Sexism and Discrimination WORKING FOR CHANGE: WOMEN¿S MOVEMENTS The First Wave The Second Wave Feminism Today AGING AND SOCIETY PERSPECTIVES ON AGING Disengagement Theory Activity Theory Ageism and Discrimination AGING IN THE UNITED STATES The Graying of America Wealth and Income Competition in the Labor Force Death and Dying 13 Race and Ethnicity RACIAL AND ETHNIC GROUPS Race Social Construction of Race Multiple Identities Ethnicity PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION Prejudice Discrimination Discriminatory Behavior The Glass Ceiling Racial Profiling The Privileges of the Dominant Institutional Discrimination SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON RACE AND ETHNICITY Social Order and Inequality The Contact Hypothesis Patterns of Intergroup Relations Genocide Expulsion Amalgamation Assimilation Segregation Pluralism RACE AND ETHNICITY IN THE UNITED STATES Racial Groups African Americans Native Americans Asian Americans Vietnamese Americans Chinese Americans Japanese Americans Korean Americans Arab Americans Ethnic Groups Latinos Mexican Americans Puerto Ricans Cuban Americans Jewish Americans White Ethnics IMMIGRATION Immigration Trends Immigration Policies 14 Health, Medicine, and Environment CULTURE, SOCIETY, AND HEALTH SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON HEALTH AND ILLNESS Illness and Social Order Power, Resources, and Health The Medicalization of Society Inequities in Health Care Labeling and Power Negotiating Cures SOCIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY Social Class Race and Ethnicity Gender Age HEALTH CARE IN THE UNITED STATES A Historical View The Role of Government Physicians, Nurses, and Patients Alternatives to Traditional Health Care SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON THE ENVIRONMENT Human Ecology Power, Resources, and the Environment Environmental Justice ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS Air Pollution Water Pollution Global Warming Global Response 15 Social Change and the Global Community GLOBAL SOCIAL CHANGE SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON SOCIAL CHANGE Evolution of Societies Equilibrium and Social Order Resources, Power, and Change TECHNOLOGY AND THE FUTURE Computer Technology Privacy and Censorship in a Global Village Biotechnology and the Gene Pool Resistance to Technology SOCIAL MOVEMENTS Relative Deprivation Resource Mobilization Approach Gender and Social Movements New Social Movements Communications and the Globalization of Social Movements SOCIOLOGY IS A VERB Personal Sociology Public Sociology: Tools for Change Practicing Sociology
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Books Books Centeral Library
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DLC

Includes bibliographical references (p. [379]-399) and index.

1 The Sociological Imagination
WHAT IS SOCIOLOGY?
The Sociological Imagination
A Hamburger Is a Miracle
Sociology Is¿
Systematic Study
The Individual
Society
The Consequences of Difference
Sociology and the Social Sciences
Sociology and Common Sense
WHAT IS SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY?
Formulating Sociological Theories
Testing Sociological Theories
Applying Sociological Theories
THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIOLOGY
Social Order
Power and Inequality
Interaction
Groups and Opportunity
Pursuing Social Change
PRACTICING SOCIOLOGY
Applied Sociology
Clinical Sociology
DEVELOPING A SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION
2 Sociological Research
STEPS IN THE RESEARCH PROCESS
Defining the Problem
Reviewing the Literature
Formulating the Hypothesis
Collecting and Analyzing Data
Selecting the Sample
Ensuring Validity and Reliability
Developing the Conclusion
Supporting Hypotheses
Controlling for Other Factors
In Summary: The Research Process
MAJOR RESEARCH DESIGNS
Surveys
Issues in Designing Surveys
Types of Surveys
Quantitative and Qualitative Research
Observation
Experiments
Use of Existing Sources
RESEARCH ETHICS
Confidentiality
Research Funding
Value Neutrality
Feminist Methodology
3 Culture
CULTURE AND SOCIETY
THE DEVELOPMENT OF CULTURE AROUND THE WORLD
Cultural Universals
Innovation
Globalization and Diffusion
ELEMENTS OF CULTURE
Material Culture and Technology
Language
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
Nonverbal Communication
Values
Norms
Types of Norms
Acceptance of Norms
Sanctions
CULTURE AND THE DOMINANT IDEOLOGY
CULTURAL VARIATION
Aspects of Cultural Variation
Subcultures
Countercultures
Culture Shock
Attitudes toward Cultural Variation
Ethnocentrism
Cultural Relativism
4 Socialization
THE ROLE OF SOCIALIZATION
Social Environment: The Impact of Isolation
Extreme Childhood Isolation
Primate Studies
The Influence of Heredity
THE SELF AND SOCIALIZATION
Sociological Approaches to the Self
Cooley: Looking-Glass Self
Mead: Stages of the Self
The Preparatory Stage
The Play Stage
The Game Stage
Goffman: Presentation of the Self
Psychological Approaches to the Self
AGENTS OF SOCIALIZATION
Family
Cultural Influences
The Impact of Race and Gender
School
Peer Group
Mass Media and Technology
Workplace
Religion and the State
SOCIALIZATION THROUGHOUT THE LIFE COURSE
The Life Course
Anticipatory Socialization and Resocialization
Role Transitions during the Life Course
Adjusting to Retirement
5 Social Structure and Social Interaction
SOCIAL INTERACTION
ELEMENTS OF SOCIAL STRUCTURE
Statuses
Ascribed and Achieved Status
Master Status
Social Roles
Role Conflict
Role Strain
Role Exit
Groups
Primary and Secondary Groups
In-Groups and Out-Groups
Reference Groups
Coalitions
Social Networks
Virtual Worlds
Social Institutions
BUREAUCRACY
Characteristics of a Bureaucracy
Division of Labor
Hierarchy of Authority
Written Rules and Regulations
Impersonality
Employment Based on Technical Qualifications
Bureaucratization as a Way of Life
The Spread of Bureaucratization
From Bureaucracy to Oligarchy
Bureaucracy and Organizational Culture
SOCIAL STRUCTURE IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE
Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft
Mechanical and Organic Solidarity
Technology and Society
Preindustrial Societies
Industrial Societies
Postindustrial Societies
Postmodern Life
Stories
Images
Choices
Networks
6 Social Control, Deviance, and Crime
SOCIAL CONTROL
Conformity and Obedience
Informal and Formal Social Control
Law and Society
DEVIANCE
What Behavior is Deviant?
Deviance and Social Stigma
CRIME
Official Crime Reports
Trends in Crime
Limitations of Crime Statistics
White-Collar Crime
Victimless Crimes
Organized Crime
International Crime
Transnational Crime
International Crime Rates
SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON DEVIANCE AND CRIME
Social Order, Deviance, and Crime
Durkheim¿s Theory of Deviance
Merton¿s Theory of Deviance
Interpersonal Interaction and Local Context
Cultural Transmission
Social Disorganization Theory
Labeling Theory
Power and Inequality
Race and Class
Gender
7 Families
GLOBAL VIEW OF THE FAMILY
Substance: What a Family Is
Kinship Patterns
Family Types
Types of Marriage
Functions: What Families Do
Authority Patterns: Who Rules?
MARRIAGE AND FAMILY
Courtship and Mate Selection
Variations in Family Life and Intimate Relationships
Social Class Differences
Racial and Ethnic Differences
Child-Rearing Patterns
Parenthood and Grandparenthood
Adoption
Dual-Income Families
Single-Parent Families
Stepfamilies
DIVORCE
Statistical Trends in Divorce
Factors Associated with Divorce
Impact of Divorce on Children
DIVERSE LIFESTYLES
Cohabitation
Remaining Single
Marriage without Children
Lesbian and Gay Relationships
8 Education and Religion
EDUCATION IN SOCIETY
SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON EDUCATION
Education and Social Order
Transmitting Culture
Promoting Social Integration
Training and Social Control
Cultural Innovation
Education and Inequality
The Hidden Curriculum
Teacher Expectancy
Bestowal of Status
Credentialism
Gender
SCHOOLS AS FORMAL ORGANIZATIONS
Bureaucratization of Schools
Teaching as a Profession
Student Subcultures
Homeschooling
DEFINING RELIGION
What Religion Is
What Religions Do
COMPONENTS OF RELIGION
Belief
Ritual
Experience
Community
Ecclesiae
Denominations
Sects
Cults or New Religious Movements
Comparing Forms of Religious Organization
WORLD RELIGIONS
SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON RELIGION
Integration
Social Change
The Weberian Thesis
Liberation Theology
Social Control
Marx on Religion
Gender and Religion
9 Government and the Economy
POWER AND AUTHORITY
Power
Types of Authority
Traditional Authority
Rational-Legal Authority
Charismatic Authority
ECONOMIC SYSTEMS
Capitalism
Socialism
The Mixed Economy
The Informal Economy
CHANGING ECONOMIES
The Changing Face of the Workforce
Deindustrialization
Microfinancing
TYPES OF GOVERNMENT
Monarchy
Oligarchy
Dictatorship and Totalitarianism
Democracy
POLITICAL BEHAVIOR IN THE UNITED STATES
Participation and Apathy
Race and Gender in Politics
THE POWER STRUCTURE IN THE UNITED STATES
Power Elite Models
Mills¿s Model
Domhoff¿s Model
Pluralist Model
WAR AND PEACE
War
Terrorism
Peace
10 Social Class
UNDERSTANDING STRATIFICATION
Systems of Stratification
Slavery
Castes
Estates
Social Classes
Social Mobility
Open versus Closed Stratification Systems
Types of Social Mobility
Sociological Perspectives on Stratification
Marx on Class
Weber¿s Multidimensional Model
Bourdieu and Cultural Capital
Material, Social, and Cultural Resources
SOCIAL CLASS IN THE UNITED STATES
Cultural Capital
Status and Prestige
Occupational Prestige
Socioeconomic Status
Income and Wealth
Income
Wealth
The Shrinking Middle Class
Poverty
Defining Poverty
Who Are the Poor?
Social Mobility
Occupational Mobility
Income and Wealth
Education
The Impact of Race and Ethnicity
The Impact of Gender
Life Chances
11 Global Inequality
THE GLOBAL DIVIDE
PERSPECTIVES ON GLOBAL STRATIFICATION
Modernization
The Legacy of Colonialism
Multinational Corporations
Modernization
Dependency
STRATIFICATION AROUND THE WORLD
Income and Wealth
Poverty
Social Mobility
Intergenerational Mobility across Nations
Gender Differences and Mobility
Social Stratification in Mexico
Mexico¿s Economy
Race Relations in Mexico: The Color Hierarchy
The Status of Women in Mexico
The Borderlands
Emigration to the United States
UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS
Defining Human Rights
Principle and Practice
Human Rights Activism
12 Gender and Age
SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF GENDER
Sex and Gender
Gender Roles in the United States
Gender-Role Socialization
Women¿s Gender Roles
Men¿s Gender Roles
Gender across Cultures
GENDER AND INEQUALITY
Women in the United States
Labor Force Participation
Income
Home and Work
Politics
Women Around the World
Sexism and Discrimination
WORKING FOR CHANGE: WOMEN¿S MOVEMENTS
The First Wave
The Second Wave
Feminism Today
AGING AND SOCIETY
PERSPECTIVES ON AGING
Disengagement Theory
Activity Theory
Ageism and Discrimination
AGING IN THE UNITED STATES
The Graying of America
Wealth and Income
Competition in the Labor Force
Death and Dying
13 Race and Ethnicity
RACIAL AND ETHNIC GROUPS
Race
Social Construction of Race
Multiple Identities
Ethnicity
PREJUDICE AND DISCRIMINATION
Prejudice
Discrimination
Discriminatory Behavior
The Glass Ceiling
Racial Profiling
The Privileges of the Dominant
Institutional Discrimination
SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON RACE AND ETHNICITY
Social Order and Inequality
The Contact Hypothesis
Patterns of Intergroup Relations
Genocide
Expulsion
Amalgamation
Assimilation
Segregation
Pluralism
RACE AND ETHNICITY IN THE UNITED STATES
Racial Groups
African Americans
Native Americans
Asian Americans
Vietnamese Americans
Chinese Americans
Japanese Americans
Korean Americans
Arab Americans
Ethnic Groups
Latinos
Mexican Americans
Puerto Ricans
Cuban Americans
Jewish Americans
White Ethnics
IMMIGRATION
Immigration Trends
Immigration Policies
14 Health, Medicine, and Environment
CULTURE, SOCIETY, AND HEALTH
SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON HEALTH AND ILLNESS
Illness and Social Order
Power, Resources, and Health
The Medicalization of Society
Inequities in Health Care
Labeling and Power
Negotiating Cures
SOCIAL EPIDEMIOLOGY
Social Class
Race and Ethnicity
Gender
Age
HEALTH CARE IN THE UNITED STATES
A Historical View
The Role of Government
Physicians, Nurses, and Patients
Alternatives to Traditional Health Care
SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON THE ENVIRONMENT
Human Ecology
Power, Resources, and the Environment
Environmental Justice
ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
Air Pollution
Water Pollution
Global Warming
Global Response
15 Social Change and the Global Community
GLOBAL SOCIAL CHANGE
SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON SOCIAL CHANGE
Evolution of Societies
Equilibrium and Social Order
Resources, Power, and Change
TECHNOLOGY AND THE FUTURE
Computer Technology
Privacy and Censorship in a Global Village
Biotechnology and the Gene Pool
Resistance to Technology
SOCIAL MOVEMENTS
Relative Deprivation
Resource Mobilization Approach
Gender and Social Movements
New Social Movements
Communications and the Globalization of Social Movements
SOCIOLOGY IS A VERB
Personal Sociology
Public Sociology: Tools for Change
Practicing Sociology

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